Universidad de Costa Rica

Speech Synthesis Based on Hidden Markov Models and Deep Learning

Ing. Marvin Coto Jiménez, PhD.
John Goddard-Close Marvin Coto-Jiménez


Speech synthesis based on Hidden Markov Models (HMM) and other statistical parametric techniques have been a hot topic for some time. Using this techniques, speech synthesizers are able to produce intelligible and flexible voices. Despite progress, the quality of the voices produced using statistical parametric synthesis has not yet reached the level of the current predominant unit-selection approaches, that select and concatenate recordings of real speech. Researchers now strive to create models that more accurately mimic human voices. In this paper, we present our proposal to incorporate recent deep learning algorithms, specially the use of Long Short-term Memory (LSTM) to improve the quality of HMM-based speech synthesis. Thus far, the results indicate that HMM-voices can be improved using this approach in its spectral characteristics, but additional research should be conducted to improve other parameters of the voice signal, such as energy and fundamental frequency, to obtain more natural sounding voices.

© 2020 Escuela de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Universidad de Costa Rica.